During this 2020 general elections, most members of parliament lost their parliamentary positions because the Government which is the people of Ghana felt that their members of parliament couldn’t work hard enough for their constituency resulting in a high level of “Skirt and blouse” which is popularly called (Voting for a person in a particular political party as president and voting for a different person in a different political party as a member of parliament).
This indicated how sensitive the people of Ghana are in their various constituencies. Studying the reasons most people voted their members of parliament out were due to reasons bothering them. eg: they voted their Mps out because their Member of Parliament do not speak at the parliament house, while others claim their MPs do not pick up their calls, some also revealed that their MPs didn’t construct their road for them and this made Mr. Kyei-Mensah-Bonsu revealed that, “MPs do not construct roads” which I source this news from MyNewsghana. This statement revealed that there might be roles and responsibilities of every member of parliament in his or her constituency, parliament, and to their parties.
This makes the role of a Member of Parliament (MP) is a multi-functional one. Every Member of Parliament has a responsibility to these three groups of people in their capacity as:
- The elected representative of the people in a constituency.
- a Member of Parliament and
- a Member of a particular political party (the exception being for Independents). Many Members of Parliament also work on parliamentary committees, which examine the Government’s actions in detail. Up to 2 or more Members of Parliament may also be Ministers who have an additional responsibility to the nation.
Responsibilities of MPs in their constituency
Members of Parliament are the representatives of all of the people in their constituency. Their
responsibilities are therefore often wide-ranging. These are some ways in which Members of Parliament serve their people in their constituency:
• giving assistance and advice to those in difficulty
• acting as a lobbyist for local interest groups
• being a communicator for their party’s policies and
• playing an active community role.
To meet these responsibilities, local Members which are the Assemblyman/woman, DCEs, etc need to be active in their constituency to keep in touch with what is happening and to get to
know constituents’ views and problems.
MPs must also give constituents help and advice, communicate the needs of their constituency to the regional Minister to pass it on to the Government.
MPs must also promote the Government policies to the community in their constituency.
Members of parliament provide a direct link between their constituents and the Parliament, and members in large electorates can spend a lot of time traveling within their electorate.
Every member of parliament must have an office in their electorate and those with larger constituency should have 2.
Constituents often bring their concerns to their local Member of Parliament.
Personal intervention in a constituent matter by a Member of parliament may result in priority attention from government departments.
If a matter is particularly urgent or serious, the Member of parliament may approach the relevant Minister
directly, or may even bring the matter before the Parliament by asking a question of the responsible
Minister. The Member of Parliament may also sponsor a petition about the issue in question.
Responsibilities of MPs in the Parliament
Members’ parliamentary functions may include:
• enacting and debating proposed new legislation
• scrutinizing the actions of the Government and government departments as members of parliamentary committees
• participating in general debates in the Chamber
• attending parliamentary party meetings and
• performing other duties within the parliamentary complex such as Deputy Speaker roles.
Participating in general debates in the Chamber is a major parliamentary occupation.
Members regularly speak either in support of or in opposition to, a piece of legislation.
In Parliament, Members may also address constituent concerns during debates, ask
questions of Ministers during Question Time and work to create or amend laws.
They may also seek to have matters referred to a parliamentary committee for investigation.
Responsibilities of MPs of a political party
Most Members of Parliament belong to a political party and are expected to contribute to the
development and amendment of their party policies. At the start of each parliamentary sitting
week, MPs (with the exception of Independent members) will attend their respective party
meetings where they:
• plan strategies
• develop policies
• scrutinize proposed legislation and
• discuss parliamentary business.
In their constituency, Members’ of parliament party responsibilities may include:
• attending branch party meetings
• keeping their fellow party members well
informed on policy decisions and other
• participating in party debate at branch level
• generally representing the party at the
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